Apologies for delay

Introduction


Quaid-e-Azam appointed Sir Fredrick Chalmers Bourne as the Governor General of East Pakistan on 14 August 1947 and Khawaja Nazim-ud-din as the Chief Minister of Bengal, After few months on December 1947, Students of University of Dhaka demanded Bengali to be the national language of Pakistan alongside Urdu, In behind it was actually a game to create an issue, If the decision had been made on the basis of majority than Bengalis were more than Pakistanis and just to instigate them this issue of Bengali language was created. On March 1948, Quaid-e-Azam declared Urdu as the national language of Pakistan on the other hand Jawaharlal Nehru who was the Prime Minister of India adopted the policy of all languages are our national languages, near about 52 languages are spoken in India and He declared all languages as national languages and citizens were allowed to communicate in whatever language they want. In its response on 23 June 1949, Maulana Bhashani, Mr. Shams-ul-Haqq and Sheikh Mujeeb-ur-Rehman formulated “Awami League”. Nawabzada Nasrullah Khan who was one of the biggest politician of Pakistan once was also was a member of Awami League. Awami League appeared as the biggest political party in Bengal, Meanwhile when the issue of language was going on another issue of currency also took place, to solve this issue it was decided that both languages Urdu and Bengali will be written on the currency. On 26 January 1952, Pakistan created Committee of Constituent Assembly to decide which language should be declared as the national language of Pakistan and at last Committee declared Urdu as the national language of Pakistan. In its response Bengali students created Bhasha Andolan Organization in the favor of Recognition of Bengali language and main problem started from here. On 21 February 1952, Khawaja Nazim-ud-din who was Bengali himself and He was also one of the big names of Tahreek Pakistan gave speech in the favor of Urdu language in Pakistan National Assembly and strictly oppose the recognition of Bengali alongside Urdu language. Students started a protest from 21 – 23 February 1952, against Nazim-ud-din’s speech against Bengali language and 10 student died in Dhaka due to the clashes between students and police this added fuel to the fire. On 4th December 1953, four big parties of Bengal Awami League, Krishk Saramik Party, Nizam-e-Islam, Ganatantri Dal, formed United front Coalition (UFC) which in elections of 1954 won 223 out of 309 seats in Bengal but it didn’t get much recognition in west Pakistan and they didn’t win any seats despite their members were contesting for seats in West Pakistan. At last on 29 Feb 1956, Pakistan Constituent Assembly which is also known as National Assembly adopted both Urdu and Bengali as National Languages of Pakistan. On 7th October 1958, Sikander Mirza who was the first president of Pakistan imposed martial law it was first martial law of Pakistan and General Ayub khan was appointed as the Chief Martial law Administrator. It was the biggest mistake of Sikander Mirza because due to the martial law army got its hands in politics and those hands are still in politics even in this time. After this on 4 October 1962, Awami League and other parties formed “National Democratic Front” and started Autonomy movement. Presential elections were held in Pakistan and General Azam Khan stood in the opposition of Ayub khan after sometime Azam khan was replaced by Mohtarma Fatima Jinnah but Mohtarma Fatima Jinnah lost those elections to Ayub Khan and it is still knows as the first and biggest corruption of Pakistan. On 20 March 1966, General Ayub khan denounced “National Democratic Front” it was considered against the salinity of Pakistan and that it should be removed. Mujib-ur-Rehman started agitation against this and because of this He was arrested on 18 April 1966. Clashes broke out on 7 June 1966 in two big cities of Bengal one was Dhaka and the other was Narayan gunj.

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